Ethnic Studies 155
Genocide and Holocaust Studies
_General Education. Area D1b World Cultures
The course examines all recent documented genocide cases, namely: the Armenian
genocide, the Jewish Holocaust, the genocide of Gypsies, the Cambodian "killing
fields", Genocide in East Timor, ethnic cleansing in Bosnia, the Tutsi
genocide in Rwanda as well as the genocide of Native Americans and other indigenous
people in Australia and South America. This phenomenon is examined historically,
descriptively, comparatively and theoretically.
Expected Learning Outcomes:
_Students are expected to know all the genocides of the 20th century.
_They are expected to be able to differentiate it from other heinous crimes
such as war crimes, crimes against humanity, ethnic cleansings.
_Students have to know the world's response to each individual genocide.
_Students should be able to identify revisionist literature (rationalization,
denial, trivialization and revisionism).
_Students have to know the reaction of the church and UN to these genocides.
_Students have to know the UN's present position on genocide.
There will be three types of evaluation: One final exam, written papers and
A. The final exam will consist of short essay questions (10-15) which deal with
concepts, theories, and issues presented in the lectures, textbooks and assigned
readings. A study guide will be distributed to the students at least 2 weeks
before the final.
B. Paper writing: The student has two options. Either write one single long
essay (20 pages) or five short separate essays (5 double-spaced pages each).
The long paper has to show a thesis statement which identifies the problem and
discusses the methodology which will be used writing the paper, the approach
to be utilized as well as the organization of the essay itself. This essay will
be presented in 5 stages: (a) an abstract: two pages maximum in length which
states in summary form what the essay will be about; (b) a full bibliography
which has to be shown before the writing of the essay, (c) a whole first draft
of the essay; (d) an oral presentation and (e) a final revised form. Dates will
be given for each task. The essay will use all five approaches: historical,
comparative, analytical, theoretical and prescriptive.
The 5 short essays will be on different topics such as genocide justification,
the planning of genocide, revisionism, the psychology of the survivor, etc.
Each paper has to use a different approach or a combination of two. The student
has to make sure that all of the 5 approaches (descriptive, theoretical, comparative,
historical and prescriptive have been used in any one of the essays.
C. Oral presentation. The student will be given a 10-15 minutes presentation
on his or her research and students may ask questions.
1. Chalk, Frank Robert&Kurt Jonassohn. 1990. The History and Sociology
of Genocide: Analysis and Case Studies. New Haven: Yale University Press.
2. Samuel Totten, Williams Parsons and Israel V.Charney. 1997. Century of Genocide:
Eyewitness Accounts and Critical Reviews. New York: Garland Publications.
3. Kimenyi, Alexandre&Otis L. Scott. 2001. Anatomy of Genocide: State-Sponsored
Mass-Massacres in the 20th Century. New York: The Edwin Mellen Press.
Note: Handouts will be given when appropriate
The Anatomy of Hate
Remember My Lai
Week 1: Definition of genocide: UN Convention; Ethnocide. (Chalk&Jonassohn,
Week 2&3. Case studies: Massacre of indigenous people. Native Americans
Americas. Aborigines in Australia. Armenians. The Gypsies. The Tutsi in Rwanda.
East Timor. (Chalk&Jonasshon, 249-329)
Presentation of the first essay.
Week 4: Justifying the unjustifiable: a full typology of stereotypes of the
against the minority.
Dehumanization and Demonization of the victim (Kimenyi in Kimenyi&Scott)
Week 5: Supremacist ideologies (Eric Loewy in Kimenyi&Scott)
Second essay presentation.
Week 6: Planning of genocide .
The use of the medias and other hate propaganda machines; creation of death
squads; ethnocide; genocide "pilot" projects (Kimenyi in Kimenyi&Scott)
Week 7: Racialization or ethnicization of genocide: group solidarity in the
crime, lack of
guilty and repentance, impunity. (Kimenyi&Scott)
Third essay due
Week 8: Revisionist theories: Justification, Denial, Victim Demonization and
Week 9: Execution of Genocide. Tools used in genocide: torture, rape, digging
grave, etc. (Kimenyi&Scott)
Fourth essay due
Week 10&11: World reaction to genocide: NGOs, Human Rights Organizations,
Governments, the Church and the UN. ( Kamongi and Rutagambwa in Kimenyi&Scott)
Week 12-13: The Anatomy of the genocide survivor's mind:
Traumatism; guilt; anger at the victims; loss of hope and waiting for death.
Week 14-15: Oral Presentation
Final paper and final exam.
_Class attendance and participation: 10% A= 91-100%
_Oral presentation: 20% B= 81-90%
_Essay papers: 50% C= 71-80%
_Final exam: 20% D= 61-70%
IA, B and C see Syllabus
II. The course Genocide and Holocaust Studies satisfies all the criteria of
GE area D1b.
A. The course looks at the actions of all states' institutions ( political,
economical, judicial, military, educational, scientific,
) during genocide.
B. Most of the genocides that will be studied are the 20th century state-sponsored
mass massacres. Most of them occurred after the Jewish Holocaust.
C. The course is very broad in scope not only because it examines all the state's
institutions but many countries as well.
D. Targeted victims of genocide differ from country to country. It is either
race, ethnicity, nationality, religion, physical handicap, sexual orientation
which is used as basis by the perpetrators to commit these crimes. The course
is a study of human relations in complex societies.
E. In all genocides, there have always been remarkable individuals. There are
men and women in all segments of the society who were able to save others. Stories
of these brave and unselfish acts are part of the course.
F. The students will write three research essays and two in-class essays and
a final exam which consists of multiple short essay questions.