We the participants of the 2nd International Genocide Conference,
occurring 14th -16th October, 2004 at the California State University-Sacramento,
want to issue a statement that energizes a dialogue about some of the warning
signs of genocide and mass murder.
These warning signs include but are not limited to:
1. The exclusionary leadership, policies, and political parties that foster
and implement hate
2. The discrimination and victimization of outcast groups
3. The formation of militias, as well as the army's involvement in the dissemination
of hate, discrimination, and violence
4. Youth indoctrination
5. Stockpiling of weaponry and the dissemination of weapons into outlying areas
6. The reduction of civil liberties, public dissension, and the attack on moderates
7. "Dress rehearsal" smaller scale massacres
8. The politicization of the army, secret police
9. The participation of religious institutions which foster hate and killing
10. The competition for resources that evolves from class distinctions
11. External governmental involvement through the provision of weaponry, money,
It is important to note that there is always external governmental, institutional
power to prevent genocide and mass murder, and that there also is a need to
educate those working intimately in civil and social structures upholding a
We assert that the time to act to prevent genocide and mass murder is well
before the actual genocidal acts.
Genocide should be monitored worldwide in order to prevent its emergence. Works
on indicators for alert and establishing a new Early Action / Rapid Reaction
Mechanism should be given priority. Scholars and NGOs are called to cooperate
in this vital task in order to stop and eliminate genocide in the 21st century.
We propose and pledge to organize individuals, media, and institutions, to
speak out where others have been silent.